Understanding addiction-source bbc-health
Types of addiction
People can be addicted to many different substances, from alcohol and illegal drugs to prescription medicines, as well as to some types of behaviour.
- Alcohol – where do you cross the line from social drinking to addiction?
- Amphetamines – some of the most commonly used illegal drugs, these synthetic drugs used as stimulants
- Cannabis – there’s evidence it can help with some conditions, but also cause psychotic illness
- Cocaine – renowned for being one of the most dangerous drugs
- Ecstasy – immediate or short-term effects include an increased heart rate and raised blood pressure
- Gambling – as many as 350,000 people in the UK have a significant gambling problem
- Heroin – renowned for being one of the most dangerous drugs
- LSD – one of the most powerful hallucinogens known
- Legal highs – what are they?
- Mephedrone and naphyrone – stimulants with effects similar to amphetamines, ecstasy or cocaine
- Methadone – a mimic of heroin used to combat addiction
- Nicotine – one of the most powerfully addictive drugs
- Painkillers – sometimes known as a silent addiction
- Prozac – over 35 million people worldwide have been prescribed this antidepressant
- Sex addiction – six per cent or more of the population experience sex addiction
- Tranquilisers – may be used to relieve anxiety or induce sleep